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Volunteering in Africa is a new trend that is rising in the world. Many people are looking to Africa and find ways to help the local communities. Volunteering in Africa provides a host of new opportunities and challenges to whomever who wants to volunteer abroad. Africa is the second largest continent in the world. Second to Asia, it has a billion people with a diverse set of cultures. There are over 1000 languages spoken from Kiswahili to Arabic. Sudan is the largest country while Seychelles is the smallest.  The main official languages spoken are English, French and Spanish. There are also two main religions which are, Christianity and Islam, although there are many more traditional religions or folk religions. The African continent lies on the equator, making most of the countries in Africa being tropical. The main seasons in Africa are mainly summer and autumn. The rainy seasons are mainly in June to July and November and December. During the rainy seasons there could be flooding which occurs in areas near rivers and lakes. Other than that it’s usually sunny all throughout the year. Except from the southern African countries, where they experience winter in the middle of the year.  The African Geography is also unique with the highest point being in Mount Kilimanjaro, the second largest mountain in the world, while the lowest points lie in the Rift valley in Kenya. The largest desert in the world lies is the Kalahari Desert which cuts across several countries. The longest river lies in Egypt, River Nile. All these make volunteering in Africa to be a unique and a beautiful experience.

 

Volunteer programs and projects

 

Despite the rich beauty and the bountiful resources that are available in Africa, there are a number of problems that continue to plague the continent. One of the main problems that Africa has is unstable governments and human rights abuse which are seen in a couple of countries. For example in the democratic republic of Congo, it is referred to as the rape capital whereby 1 in 5 women have been raped. But in the stable democratic countries in Africa, they have unique volunteer programs and projects available for whoever wants to volunteer. Depending on the country you go to you will find a project where you can be useful. The programs and projects include: orphanage work, teaching kids in primary and secondary school; teaching English as a second language; Health/ Medical work; HIV/AIDS work; community development work; care for the disabled work; conservation work, working with wildlife; teaching basic computer skills; teaching sports; work on marine conservation projects and preserving habitats; help build homes. The opportunities are all different in the countries, like teaching English in Kenya is very different from teaching English in Ghana. The programs prices differ greatly depending on the living standards and the volunteer travel company you use.

 

 

Wildlife and tourism

 

There are over 50 million tourists who visit Africa to see the beautiful landscape and the wild animals. The most popular places visited are the Serengeti National Park in Tanzania, the azure waters in Mauritius, Cape Town in South Africa and the Maasai Mara in Kenya. In Africa there is the largest diversity of animals and plants. It the best continent to tour if you are looking at adventure tours.  The best time to come to Africa is between Julys to December but unfortunately it is the high season. Africa boasts the great wildebeest migration where they move from Kenya and go to Tanzania across the Mara. Africa is the host of the big five animals which are lions, buffalos, elephants, rhino and leopards. For bird lovers, there are ornithological tours which you get to see a great number of species and variety found in certain areas. There are a great number of beaches available to those who prefer lying on the coast.  The tour prices range between the travel agent you are using and the season in which you choose to travel.

 

 

African Culture

 

When you really want to visit and experience Africa then you should see the African culture. With over 1 billion people; 3000 tribes with the Bantu being the largest; 1000 languages, and 1000 folk religions.  Africa is said to be the cradle of mankind with most of the early man being found here. And with the oldest civilization being Egypt, there are many unique and beautiful cultures in Africa to see from sharing a meal in Morocco with a family and doing chores in an orphanage in South Africa. Most African cultures are welcoming and love seeing new people. There are many cultures and tribes which vary from each other across the continent. For example the Zulu are the largest tribe in South Africa; Luhya is the second largest tribe in Kenya. These two differ greatly not only in language but in how they do most of the things but they also share some common habits.

 

Zablon Mukuba is the Director of Volunteer Capital Centre the leading provider of quality and affordable volunteer abroad work programs and opportunities in third world countries visit http://www.volunteercapitalcentre.org and http://www.volunteercapitalcentre.blogspot.com

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Safari has become more and more popular for travellers who love adventure. Since African heartland was discovered by David Livingstone in the mid 1800s, travellers have been fascinated by its romance of nature’s wilderness, which used to be the realm of only the rich and the brave. Nowadays, with so many choices available, you can consider a wide range of things when planning a safari.

 

Where to go.

 

First and foremost you should consider where you want to go on safari. Every location offers a different experience, so it’s worth researching the wildlife, climate, safari style and accommodation available in each destination.

 

African safaris.

 

Africa is the most popular destination for safaris and is home to some of the world’s most spectacular natural scenery and wildlife. Safari goers can witness the ‘Big Five’ in their natural environment, as well as hundreds of other rare and exotic species, including cheetahs, hyenas, giraffes and hippopotamuses. Although tourism remains a threat to the continent’s ecosystems, Africa retains its allure and mystery, and is one of the few remaining places in the world where travellers can witness exotic animals in their natural habitat.

 

Of course, not all African safaris are the same. Some locations, such as South Africa, lend themselves best to first-time safari visitors, while more seasoned safari enthusiasts may seek more challenging experiences and rarer species elsewhere. Accommodation and services can also vary wildly, with countries such as Botswana being renowned for their luxury lodges, which are sold at premium prices. Package deals and self-drive safaris can offer much more affordable options, so it’s important to consider what kind of experience you are looking for.

 

Top destination.

 

Tanzania.

 

Tanzania gets only 20% of the number of safari tourists that visit neighbouring Kenya, allowing it to offer a much more natural safari experience. Amazingly, Tanzania is home to three of Africa’s top five natural wonders; Mount Kilimanjaro, the Serengeti and Ngorongoro, which combine to provide a stunning backdrop for safari travel. Lake Tanganyika offers a further attraction and its wildlife-rich waters constitute over a third of all fresh water on the planet.

 

Alternative safari destinations For those seeking something a little different from the classic African savannah safari, there are a number of exciting alternatives:

 

Mountain gorilla safari in Uganda – trek through dense jungle to witness imposing mountain gorillas in their natural habitat.
Chitwan National Park safari in Nepal – explore the Ganges river plain where one quarter of the world’s endangered Asian rhinos live, alongside tigers, otters, crocodiles and a myriad of birdlife.
Polar bear safari in Canada – traverse frozen tundra landscapes to spot polar bears, arctic foxes and snowy owls

 

When to go.

 

Deciding when you go on safari is another important consideration. Many locations offer seasonal highlights that can make your safari truly unforgettable. In Tanzania, for instance, the ‘Great Migration’ takes place on the Serengeti between December and January, when swarming herds provide a sensational wildlife spectacle. Another highlight is the calving season in February, when safari goers have the opportunity to watch excitable lion cubs stalking their prey.

 

You should also research seasonal and climactic variations in your chosen safari location. In Africa the best time for a safari is during the dry season, when animals congregate around water holes, improving your chances of a successful safari. The lack of vegetation also makes the animals easier to spot. In East Africa the dry season takes place in January-March and July-October, while in the south of the continent it occurs in May-October.

 

Before you go.

 

The most important thing to do before you go on safari is to research your chosen destination and find out exactly what you’ll need to enjoy your wildlife adventure. In terms of clothing, you should bring outfits that let you blend into nature as much as possible; greens, browns and khakis are best. Depending on the climate you may also need to buy waterproof or lightweight clothes, to cope with both unsettled and hot weather. Other essentials would include a camera, binoculars and insect repellent, but your packing list will depend heavily on your chosen safari location.

 

More info http://www.i-volunteerabroad.co.uk/destinations/tanzania/tanzania-wildlife-safari/

 

Kate

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Dallas, TX – BollyX Instructor Certification Training
Event on 2017-08-27 09:00:00
BollyX Instructor Certification Training Ready to help others unleash their inner swagger? Become a BollyX instructor by attending an Instructor Training Certification. We’re looking for dynamic fitness instructors to join our team and share the BX movement. No prior experience with South Asian dance is required. In fact, our community is incredibly diverse and many of our most successful BollyX instructors are those experiencing Bollywood for the first time! We have created a powerful training program that will get you all the education and support you need.  Our Trainees Receive the Following 9-hour Instructor Training Session covering Bollywood, fitness concepts, South Asian dance styles, and more BollyX Instructor Training Manual BollyX T-shirt/tank top Preferred access to BollyX events A listing on our BollyX directory Eligible participants will receive 8.5 AFAA CEUs Eligible participants will receive 0.7 NASM CEUs Eligible participants will receive 0.8 ACE CEUs Evaluation of your practical exam video submission 30 Day FREE trial of our BollyX Online Portal (a value) For more information, please visit our FAQ page at BollyX.com

at Dallas, Texas, United States
Dallas, Texas, United States
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Some cool live radio images:

Seven Second Delay – Live @ The UCB Theater – 9/7/11

Image by jvdalton
Seven Second Delay – 9/7/11 – UCB Theater

Seven Second Delay – Live @ The UCB Theater 11/14/12

Image by jvdalton
Seven Second Delay – 11/14/12 – UCB Theater

Seven Second Delay – Live @ The UCB Theater -3/21/12

Image by jvdalton
Seven Second Delay – 3/21/12 – UCB Theater

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Some cool news live images:

Image from page 8 of “The Ladies’ home journal” (1889)
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Image by Internet Archive Book Images
Identifier: ladieshomejourna65janwyet
Title: The Ladies’ home journal
Year: 1889 (1880s)
Authors: Wyeth, N. C. (Newell Convers), 1882-1945
Subjects: Women’s periodicals Janice Bluestein Longone Culinary Archive
Publisher: Philadelphia : [s.n.]
Contributing Library: Internet Archive
Digitizing Sponsor: Internet Archive

View Book Page: Book Viewer
About This Book: Catalog Entry
View All Images: All Images From Book

Click here to view book online to see this illustration in context in a browseable online version of this book.

Text Appearing Before Image:
t and Directorof Manufacturing; Benjamin Allen. Vice-Presidentand Director of Circulation; Robert E. MacNeal,Secretary; Richard Ziesing, Jr.. Manager of LadiesHome Journal. The Company also publishes TheSaturday Evening Post, Country Gentleman. Jackand Jill, and Holiday. CHANGE OF ADDF Send your Journal change of address to LAL > HOME JOURNAL Independence Square, Philadelphia 5, Pa. r-O^tfe^. ^gM Published here monthly . . .Column No. 102 The greatest star of the screen! Ah! Theres good news . . . GOODNEWS for 1948! • • • •M-G-M gives America a youthful, tune-ful, joyous shot in the arm in the formof the gayest, fastest-paced film everbrightened by Technicolor magic. • • • * And if ever a picture was perfectlytitled, its GOOD NEWS! • • • • The motion picture version is far betterthan the original Broadway musical hit,a really bang-up job. • • • • Youll like the way they d® The BestThings In Life Are Free, VarsityDrag, My Blue Heaven and thetitle song.

Text Appearing After Image:
at least 30 days before the date of the issue with 1 is to take effect. Send old address with li,e new. enclosing if possible your address label. The post office will not forward copie3 unless you provide extra postage. Duplicate copies can-not be sent. The names of characters in all stories are fictitious.Any resemblance to living persons is a coincidence. June Allyson gives an acting, singingand dancing performance which makesus remember how she first caught thepublic eye. • • • • Peter Lawford, teaming with her, ful-fills his promise as the most personableromantic lead on the screen. • • • •With them are agroup of livelyyoung Broadwaypersonalities frommusical comedy hitswho justify their in-vitation to Holly-wood, includingPatricia Marshall, anew find; Joan Mc-Cracken of Okla-homa fame who is,in a word, great; andMel Torme, thenewest croonsmith. • • • •The direction byCharles Waltershas breakneck pace.The producer isArthur Freed, whowill be rememberedfor Mee

Note About Images
Please note that these images are extracted from scanned page images that may have been digitally enhanced for readability – coloration and appearance of these illustrations may not perfectly resemble the original work.

GM3_8315.JPG
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Image by BostonCatholic
JERUSALEM (April 15, 2013) – Cardinal Seán and a group of 29 priests of the Archdiocese of Boston have traveled on an Easter pilgrimage to the Holy Land this week, and they’re bringing the readers of TheGoodCatholicLife.com blog along with them.

On the last day of their pilgrimage, the pilgrims began by walking the Via Dolorosa, the Way of the Cross, the path through the streets of Jerusalem that Jesus walked with the Cross to the Crucifixion. After celebrating Mass, they thanked those who had taken care of them on their pilgrimage and prepared for their flights home. As they waited, news of the bombings at the Boston Marathon back home reached the pilgrims and they united themselves in prayer with those who were hurt, their families, and the emergency workers who rushed to care for them.

All this week, our colleague George Martell is traveling with the pilgrimage, embedded with the Cardinal and his priests so we can bring you photos, blogs, videos, and audio reports from the Holy Land from the pilgrims at such places as the Basilica of the Annunciation, Mount Carmel, the Sea of Galilee, the Church of the Transfiguration, Qumran, the Mount of Olives, the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, the Upper Room, and more. This is a once in a lifetime opportunity to walk in the footsteps of Jesus with Cardinal Seán and the Archdiocese’s priests as an Easter retreat experience.

Please stay tuned to www.thegoodcatholiclife.com, as well as www.BostonCatholicPhotos.com and www.YouTube.com/BostonCatholic and our Facebook Page at www.facebook.com/bostoncatholic and Twitter account: www.twitter.com/bostoncatholic for the latest updates from the Holy Land.

(Photo credit: George Martell/TheGoodCatholicLife.com) This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License. creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/3.0/)

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Advertising is a form of communication intended to persuade an audience (viewers, readers or listeners) to take some action. It includes the name of a product or service and how that product or service could benefit the consumer, to persuade potential customers to purchase or to consume that particular brand. Modern advertising developed with the rise of mass production in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

Advertising is a brilliant idea to increase business for all type business. Radio is still surprisingly inexpensive for advertising. The medium has been around for about 100 years. Many businesses give radio a pass because of the misconception of the return on investment.

The greatest advantage of radio is its ability to go after a very specific kind of market. Print & Radio Power (http://www.printandradio.com/) is the largest pre-buyer of national radio advertising and print advertising. It own multi-million dollar blocks of national radio advertising network time. This media gives its clients consistent profitable returns on their media dollars. Local, regional, nationalâ?¦straight media or performance based.

Today, everyone talks about ROI and the need to make marketing more accountable. Print and radio advertising measurement systems tells which media components work, for rapid ROI improvements. Print & Radio is the largest pre-buyer of national print advertising. In print media, the advantage of catering to specific target audience opens up countless opportunities to enhance sales figures. A fashion magazine would highlight cosmetic products and fashion accessories. At the same time, a sports magazine would display sports related ads to cater to its readers. There is no wastage of resources as ads get to reach the target audience.

Print & Radio Power uniquely drives this demand for high dollar and financial concern through direct response and cost per call radio advertising. They offer programs that cut the risk of advertising by clients, through the use of some programs.

Print and radio also provide Hispanic Advertising. The Hispanic population generally spends an average of 26-30 hours a week listening to the radio â?? 13% more than the rest of the population. Additionally, readership of weekly community and free newspaper remains high and consistent.

Print and Radio is providing all advertising opportunities at one place.

Mary john brought up in Newyork and love fun and Entertainment in her city. She is busy and enjoying to write the articles on advertising topics . She always likes to help the people.

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The Internet has opened up many possibilities for humanity. Add in the invention of the satellite, and Internet road mapping systems were born. Below you will find six benefits of Internet road maps.

Using the Internet, you can find directions to almost anywhere, versus the typical state map. Internet maps can give you directions from one state to another without having to switch maps. And here’s a fun fact- some road map sites tell to swim across the ocean if you have to travel across the country (though I doubt anyone has ever tried this!).

Paper maps can easily be lost, but with today’s modern technology you can easily access Internet maps from your phone or laptop from almost anywhere. Mobile versions of map generators are available for many different phones and enable the users to find directions while on the go, often for free or for a low cost.

When using a paper map, you have to decide for yourself where you are going, what route to take, and which route is the shortest or fastest looking. Internet road maps give you the options of whether you want the shortest travel time, fewer turns, or the most or least highway time. It will then calculate the best route suited for your needs.

Marking routes on an old road map with a highlighter can get confusing, especially if you have used a map for more than one trip! When you look up road maps on the Internet, your route will appear in a bright color to stand out from the other roads, and will also give you a list of the directions to print out with the map. You can always look up a previous route again without having to search through several hand-colored roads you put on yourself. This saves you time when you’re trying to get to your destination.

Instead of having to search a paper road map over to find your destination, you can type in your current location and the address of the place you are going into an Internet map, and your directions instantly pop up. This cuts out the guesswork when trying to figure out exactly where on the map you will be headed.

Everyone hates having to fumble with a big, bulky road map when they are traveling. With the Internet, whether you print your map out before you leave or you look it up on your mobile device, you are able to access a road map that is less bulky and only contains the specific roads you need to reach your destination.

As you can see, Internet road maps have revolutionized the way we travel, making preparation time faster and easier than ever before. I strongly urge anyone who has not tried this method of getting directions to do so, because they are straightforward and anyone can figure them out. Get rid of the old maps that are cluttering your glove compartment and switch to a faster, simpler method of finding your way when you need to go somewhere that is unfamiliar to you.

Get inside info on the many benefits of internet road maps in our guide to never get lost again on http://www.funandsafedriving.com/mapquest-driving-directions.html

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Implementing SAFe 4.0 with SAFe Program Consultant (SPC4) Certification – Dallas, TX
Event on 2017-06-27 08:00:00
Implementing SAFe 4.0 with SPC4 Certification Certify as a SAFe Program Consultant and Become the Lean-Agile Change Agent That Leads the SAFe Transformation in the Enterprise This four-day course will prepare you to lead an enterprise Agile transformation by leveraging the Scaled Agile Framework® (SAFe®). You will learn how to effectively apply the principles and practices of SAFe, including training with SAFe courseware, and coaching teams, launching Agile Release Trains, and building and managing an Agile portfolio. The first two days of the course—Leading SAFe—will provide you with the basis to teach SAFe to others, and if certified you’ll be eligible to teach the Leading SAFe course. The next two days focus exclusively on implementing SAFe. Certification is optional to attendees. Those who achieve SPC certification are authorized to license SAFe training materials. Associated Certification: SAFe Program Consultant 4.0 (SPC4) Audience The course is intended for those who will be materially and directly involved in a SAFe adoption. This includes enterprise leaders, practitioners, change agents, and consultants responsible for implementing Agile programs and portfolios as part of an enterprise Lean-Agile change initiative. Attendees typically include: Professional Services Consultants Business and Technology Executives and Leaders, Managers, Directors Portfolio Managers and Fiduciaries, Project/Program Management Office (PMO) personnel Development, QA and IT management Program and Project Managers Product and Product Line Managers Process Leads and Lifecycle Governance Personnel Enterprise, System and Solution Architects Internal Change Agents, Lean-Agile Center for Excellence, Agile Working Group Learning Goals After this course, you should be able to: Lead an enterprise Lean-Agile transformation Implement the Scaled Agile Framework (SAFe) Implement and manage a Lean-Agile portfolio Align the organization to a common language and way of working Perform value stream analysis and identify value streams Launch and support Agile Release Trains and coordinate value streams Build and execute the implementation rollout strategy Configure the Framework for a specific enterprise context Train managers and executives in Leading SAFe and act as a SAFe Agilist (SA) certifying agent (SPCs only) Train teams in SAFe for Teams (S4T) and act as a SAFe Practitioner (SP) certifying agent (SPCs only) Topics Covered Leading SAFe 4.0 Introducing the Scaled Agile Framework Embracing a Lean-Agile Mindset Understanding SAFe Principles Implementing an Agile Release Train Experiencing PI Planning Executing and Releasing Value Building an Agile Portfolio Building Really Big Systems Leading the Lean-Agile Enterprise Implementing SAFe 4.0 Reaching the SAFe Tipping Point Designing the Implementation Launching an ART Facilitating ART Execution Extending to the Portfolio Understanding the SPC Exam Applying your SPC Certification Participating in Open Space Prerequisites All stakeholders in a Lean-Agile transformation are welcome to attend the course, regardless of experience. However, the following prerequisites are highly recommended for those who intend to take the SPC4 certification exam and operate in the field as a SAFe Program Consultant: 5+ years of experience in software development, testing, business analysis, product or project management 3+ years of experience in Agile One or more relevant Agile certifications SAFe® Certification Attending the class prepares you to take the SAFe 4.0 Program Consultant (SPC4) exam. Those who attain their SPC4 certification will receive: Access to license the course materials needed to train aspiring SAFe Agilists, SAFe Practitioners, and SAFe PM/POs Access to no-cost license materials, videos, and artifacts that support launching Agile Release Trains Inclusion in the SPC4 directory listing (optional) Access to the private SPC LinkedIn Group Annual Renewal Renewals are good for one full year from the date of certification and will require: 160 hours of SPC4 consulting Renewal fee: 5 40 continuing education/outreach hours Attendees who pass the exam will receive: An SPC4 certificate Access to license the course materials needed to train SAFe Agilists, SAFe Practitioners, and SAFe PM/POs One-year certified membership as an SPC4 SPC4 branding kit with the SPC certification mark What You Get The class registration includes: Attendee workbooks Eligibility to take the SPC4 exam One-year membership to Scaled Agile Class attendance certificate upon request Attendees may be eligible to apply for 30 PDUs toward continuing education requirements with the ProjectManagement Institute (PMI) for PMP or PMI-ACP certifications Attendees may be eligible to apply SEUs under category C, toward earning or renewing their CSP through Scrum Alliance Instructor: Charles Maddox Scaled Agile Framework Program Consultant Trainer Charles Maddox has over 20 years of software development, program management  and software quality assurance experience. He currently is an Agile Coach, Consultant and Agile Training professional. Charles' training approach includes using the Core Energy coaching method for coaching leadership for change.   For more information, contact The i4 Group Consulting:  thei4group.com   Cancellation Policy:   Refunds will be issued for cancellations greater than 14 days from the start of the course and are subject to a 0 processing charge.  For cancellations between 8 and 14 days from the start of the course, registrants may change to another course of equal or lesser value.  For cancellations 7 days or less from the start of the course, no refunds will be issued or changes allowed.

at Chase Building
100 N. Central Expressway , 5th Floor
Richardson, United States

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Dallas Job Fairs – Career Fairs & Hiring Events Meet Your Next Employer October 12, 2017 11am – 2pm
Event on 2017-10-12 11:00:00
Register today for Best Hires Dallas Job Fair. The Dallas Career Fair will be your opportunity to meet with some of the city’s top hiring companies. Attending the Dallas Job Fair will give you the chance to interview and find out about hundreds of jobs available in your local area. Dress for success and bring plenty of resumes to the Dallas job fair. Walk in the event and start meeting and interviewing with dozens of employers, it's that easy.  Stop sending resumes to online job ads that go nowhere. The companies at the Dallas Career Fair will be interviewing for multiple job opportunities and are excited to meet with qualified candidates. Register today to be a part of this great live hiring experience in Dallas! Prepare by: -Uploading your resume for employers. -Dressing professionally. -Updating and bringing plenty of resumes. -Researching companies that are attending the event. -Practicing your elevator pitch regarding your career experience and why you are the best candidate for the job.   Attend the Dallas Career Fair and land your dream job. If you have been looking for an opportunity to market yourself to companies as the best candidate for the job this is it. Register for the Dallas Job Fair today!   Dallas Job FairsDallas Career FairsDallas Hiring Events Are you an employer looking to hire in Dallas? Call us today 888-899-8802 Or Request Information Today

at DoubleTree by Hilton Hotel Dallas – Market Center
2015 Market Center Boulevard
Dallas, United States

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Rorke’s Drift is situated 46 km southeast of Dundee and is the place of certainly one of the most well-known conflicts in the Anglo-Zulu war of 1879. The area in and around Rorke’s Drift is unspoilt and relaxing. Irishman James Rorke had originally set up a trading post almost 1 mile from the drift (crossing point) on the Buffalo River and was known to the Zulu warriors as KwaJimu (Jim’s place). Later, a mission station had been established by the Reverend Otto Witt of the Swedish Missionary Society. Witt built up a little church, mission house and livestock kraal at the foot of a rugged hill which he called Oskarberg.
Lord Chelmsford, had ‘requisitioned’ Rorke’s Drift prior to his traversing of the Buffalo River. He employed the house as a hospital and the chapel as a storehouse. All through the battle it was used as a medical facility. The defence of the mission station of Rorke’s Drift quickly followed the British Army’s loss at the Battle of Isandlwana earlier on the morning on 22nd January 1879. The devastating Zulu attack on Rorke’s Drift came rather close to defeating the little garrison, and the British accomplishment is held as without doubt one of history’s best defences. The 11 VCs given for valour at Rorke’s Drift are more than for any other military action of all time.

As Lord Chelmsford, the commander-in-chief of the British military in Natal, crossed into Zululand on 11th January 1879, his forces set up camp on the other side of the Buffalo river, 10 miles to the east, underneath the mountain at Isandhlwana. Three columns crossed into Zululand, from the Lower Tugela, Rorke’s Drift and Utrecht respectively, their goal being Ulundi, the Royal capital of the Zulus. On 9 January 1879 the middle column under Lord Chelmsford appeared and made camp at Rorke’s Drift.

On the morning of 22 January 1879, the main Zulu impi launched an attack on the British camp at Isandlwana. Lord Chelmsford had taken part of his force off in an alternative direction searching for the Zulu army. Hopelessly outnumbered, the British and local forces were slaughtered by the Zulu warriors with only close to 50 men get away alive. The remainder of the 1,000 strong force died. Later on that day, over four thousand zulu warriors commanded by Dabulamanzi attacked the small garrison of the 24th Regiment at Rorke’s Drift. These Zulu warriors had not been involed in the fighting at Isandlwana and wanted to prove their courage in battle. Cetshwayo had explicitly directed his Zulu warriors from crossing the Buffalo River which acted as the border between Natal and Zululand. Irrespective of this order, the Zulus grabbed the weapons off the bodies of the British dead and made for Rorke’s Drift. It was manned by 97 ready troopers, housed 36 wounded, 14 valuable natives, 5 officers and two lieutenants, one of which was new to the region. The Battle of Isandlwana was arguably the most humiliating defeat in British colonial heritage and only hours later that day, at Rorke’s Drift, 139 British troops defended their position against an intensive assault by more than 4,000 warriors.

Something that is nearly always disregarded is that the Battle at Rorke’s Drift could actually have concluded in the same devastating way as Isandlawana, but for one particular critical factor: Rorke’s Drift was a depot, so the British troops who defended it were able to make use of a near limitless source of ammunition. It is believed that somewhere between 20,000 and 25,000 rounds were fired in the course of the defence of Rorke’s Drift, the overwhelming majority of the rounds having missed their targets entirely and so, conservatively speaking, each and every 25th shot fired by the men of Rorke’s Drift led to an ultimate Zulu death, and each 50th shot was a kill shot. The British knew the Zulu warriors were on their way however they elected to stand and fight. Wounded men would had to have been laden onto horse-drawn wagons and Zulus would quickly have engaged them in the open. Instead, they opted to fight on ground of their choosing.

Together with having numbers that crushed a force five times bigger hours earlier, the Zulu warriors also had the Martini-Henry rifles captured off the British dead, presenting them an even larger advantage against the British.

Henry Hook plus 5 other privates were instructed on the afternoon of 22nd January to defend approximately 30 patients not able to be transferred away from the temporary hospital at Rorke’s Drift . Defensive lines were constructed connecting the 2 complexes â?? the hospital and the store room. Inside this border, an additional line of defence was built between the two structures and this was significant during the battle. The Zulus attacked the hospital setting fire to the roofing. Hook and others struggled for several hours, actually digging through walls and eventually getting virtually all out of the hospital and over to the inner defensive line near the store. Wave after wave of warriors with spears and rifles crashed against the makeshift lines of defence at Rorke’s Drift. The conflicts raged all night and by morning the British defences still held strong and the Zulu warriors in the end withdrew.

Following seeing the aftermath of Isandlwana, Chelmsford believed that Rorke’s Drift had fallen and it was only the sound of cheering from the garrison convinced him . eleven VC’s were awarded to the defenders of Rorke’s Drift. Colour Sergeant Frank Bourne was among five men to be awarded the Distinguished Conduct Medal and the unusual honour of a commission. Having said that, his army pay was his only money had he believed he could not financially afford to become an officer thus declined the offer. Fittingly, he was the last survivor of Rorke’s Drift to pass away on 8th May 1945 â?? VE Day. Lieutenant-Colonel Frank Edward Bourne OBE, DCM was 91 years old.

Rob Atherton
www.RobAtherton.com

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